Wednesday, June 10, 2020

The Incumbency Advantage Time, Visibility And Campaign Organization - 1100 Words

The Incumbency Advantage: Time, Visibility And Campaign Organization (Term Paper Sample) Content: The Incumbency Advantage Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation The Incumbency Advantage Introduction In general, during elections, the incumbents, who are the current holders of a political office, contain a structural advantage over their challengers. For instance, the scheduling of the elections may be determined by the incumbent rather than a set date. The incumbents, for many political parties, are often well known as compared to the challengers as a result of their earlier work while in office (CUSDI.org, 2018). Furthermore, incumbents can easily access campaign funds and other government funds that can aid them in boosting their campaigns. Incumbency advantage, therefore, comprises some of the following aspects that keep the contemporary Congress seat holders more advantages than their challengers including the â€Å"Perks† office, time, visibility, campaign organization, money. The â€Å"Perks† Office Every Congress member possesses an office budget allocation which offers enough funds to employ a considerable staff both at their districts or states and in Washington. The staffers aid members in their attempts to become representatives that are effective and well-liked. (CUSDI.org, 2018) Aside from staff funds, Congress members also are given travel allowances for visits amid their constituencies and Washington and trips for trips inside their districts or states. One amid the most popular â€Å"perks† for Senators and House members comprise their capability to send informational letters that are postage-free or make regular announcements to their constituents. Time Congressional sitting members are on the full-time occupation since that is where they earn their leaving. The numerous things that a candidate would perform to become victorious in an election including talking and meeting with voters, appearing on radio or television talk shows, attending special functions, and many more, comprise of the things that are in the member of Congress’s job description (CUSDI.org, 2018). On the other hand, a challenging candidate must usually figure out how to settle their bills while still running for the position. In short, the challengers are not paid to do what they do during the campaigning session as compared to the incumbents. As a result of this, numerous challenging candidates are forced to acquire loans thus pushed into debt before they can make more money for the campaigns. Visibility Incumbent members of the Congress are almost generally acknowledged in their districts. The fact that they have already offered their services in the office during the previous campaign, and say a successful one for that matter, and then serving in Congress for six years as in the case of senators, or four years as in the case of House members, makes an incumbent member something of a household name amid her or his constituencies. Furthermore, individuals of the Senate and the House have ready and easy access to the media and make regular appearances on radio and television programs. They are also often mentioned in editorials and newspaper articles. Campaign organization As stated, each sitting Congress member has taken part in at least one effective election campaign for the seats that they hold. Such among other numerous factors implies that an incumbent Senator or member has enough experience with managing and creating a campaign organization. Furthermore, it shows that sitting members usually have an efficient volunteer organization set in place and ready to take on when the campaigning time starts. An election whereby no incumbent is vying for the seat is often regarded as an open seat due to the absence of incumbency advantage. When new individuals view for a political position, the voters liken and differentiate the personal traits, political issues in a somewhat straight manner. On the other hand, when elections are featuring an incumbent, voters first grapple with the incumbent’s record. It is only until when they decide not to vote in the incumbent again that they start to analyze whether they can vote in any of the challengers. Based on the British Journal of Political Science, incumbency advantage emerges from the idea that voters analyze the ideology of the incumbent individually whereas presume that no incumbency shares the ideology of this incumbent. Therefore, this implies that incumbency advantage becomes more significant with an increase in the polarization. Money The most acknowledged and perhaps the most essential advantage that the incumbent members of the Congress enjoy is the enormous amounts of campaign funds they raise in comparison to their competitors. For instance, the table below highlights the campaign funds present to various candidate groups in the Senate and the House elections in 1998. Averagely, a challenger of a sitting House member was outspent by about $565,000, and the challengers of the incumbent senate positions were outspent by averagely $3.313 million. However, candidates for the open seats did not raise as many funds compared to the incumbents. The difference amid the candidates in certain open campaigns tends to become much less noticeable that it is in the case of siting-challenger campaigns. The achievements of congressional incumbents have emerged as a half-funny joke in the current years. Statistics show that 95.17% the individuals who vied to be reelected within the thirteen biennial national elections for the four hundred and thirty-five House seats from 1982 to 2006 retained their seats. Furthermore, about 396 of the total 435 incumbent seat holders sought to be reelected, implying that only 39 seats were left open. Such statistics show how the ...

Monday, May 25, 2020

A Better Location Based Advertising Framework - 869 Words

In an ever-changing marketplace, retailers are deploying pioneering strategies to increase profits. In technology, marketers are using virtual reality for more than games, and as expected, mobile device advertising continues to rise as the overwhelming majority adopts the technology. Meanwhile, a new advancement - Bluetooth beacon technology - provides more accurate georeferencing data. As for new strategies, in contrast to the past, consumers are less worried about privacy as they welcome advertising that caters to their immediate impulses, and firms work to unite buyer interactions into one cohesive experience. A Better Location-based Advertising Framework In a CIO article, technology journalist James Martin sees Bluetooth (BLE) beacons as a prime marketing entry. [1] In 2015, almost four million retailers ordered the diminutive hardware to relay messages to consumer devices within 300 feet. Currently, Apple and Google, iOS and Android proprietors respectively, are BLE platform frontrunners, while multifarious manufacturers produce the physical units. The technology promises to provide retail stores with buyer metrics similar to those collected from online storefronts. While BLE units are somewhat inexpensive, some potential retailers worry that, in this early stage, deploying the units may prove costly. The Right Consumers at the Right Time On the Marketing Dive website, writer David Kirkpatrick reports on a recent study, which reveals that 71 percent of polledShow MoreRelatedCommunication Theories : Privacy And Personalized1481 Words   |  6 Pages International Master’s in International Communication Studies Communication Theories Privacy and personalized advertising in social media. Josà © Manuel Galiano Garcà ­a 104461015 Professor Sewen Sun Taipei, Taiwan December, 2015 Contents I. Introduction 3 II. Privacy as a framework 4 Privacy Perspectives 6 A. Privacy as Subject 7 B. Privacy as Object 7 III. Regulation 7 C. Privacy-by-design 8 D. Data protection regulation 8 E. US Do-Not-Track Online Act 8 IV. ConclusionRead MoreEmployee Relationship Administration ( Crm )1480 Words   |  6 Pagesexpands deals profit as well as advertising adequacy by means of social bits of knowledge, business sagacity, and crusade administration in the cloud, on-premises, or with a half and half gathering. It likewise offers versatile CRM application and stages that permits overseeing client relationship on cell phones alongside instruments that incorporate information and reporting from social networking specifically into CRM application. â€Æ' C2 CRM: C2crm is a program based Customer Relationship ManagementRead MoreKudler Communications Plan1628 Words   |  7 Pagesevaluated below to arrive at a feasible and the most effective marketing communication strategy. Marketing Communication Factors An effective marketing communications plan is necessary for the success of the new Kudler location in Newport Beach. The success of this new location will be partially dependent upon initial and continued brand equity; Kudler will add value to the brand by creating brand awareness, building brand image, and by facilitating a strong consumer-brand connection. The marketingRead MoreMid-Term Paper. Information Security Policy. Jahangir Shaik.1436 Words   |  6 Pages Mid-Term Paper Information Security Policy Jahangir Shaik South University Abstract: InfoSec Policy, generally it is one of most important factor in securing a data framework, is additionally one of the most every now and again disregarded and misjudged in private companies. Playing out the means important to make solid, successful, and more importantly, enforceable approach is typically seen to be past the assets of smallest businesses. However, with the inescapability of smallRead MoreSmartphone Application For Track Sales Representative s Area Essay1451 Words   |  6 Pageshowever following sales representative is not quite the same as different as businessperson by and large labor for 8-10 hours day by day voyaging throughout the day, the battery running for such quite a while is difficult. This salesperson following framework will have the capacity to track sales representative for quite a while without depleting his battery. The administrator would have the capacity to get insight about area of sales people under him. The business people would have the capaci ty to seeRead MoreThe Supply Chain Management Process1398 Words   |  6 PagesExecutive Summary This report has been prepared to analyze the supply chain management process, design and planning of this particular Domino’s location. Theoretical parts have been used to evaluate the company’s supply chain process in terms of its product and service offering. This report also focuses on the daily operations of this franchise. The focus has been placed on the daily operations processes of the Dominos store located on lakeshore Blvd. (w), Toronto, ON. This report is a result ofRead MoreBusiness Analytics : Can It Be A Source Of Competitive Advantage? Essay1376 Words   |  6 PagesBusiness Analytics : Can it be a source of competitive advantage to firms? INTRODUCTION In today’s economically turbulent times, every company is trying to be better than its rivals. Every other firm is trying to gain a strategic position in the marketplace which would give them a sustainable competitive advantage, nevertheless temporary competitive advantage over its rivals. With immense competition between the firms who are trying to outperform one another, managers are always under a scannerRead MoreMarketing Mix Paper1670 Words   |  7 Pagescompetitive markets (Value Based Management.net, (2006). Keeping that in mind, organizations have changed their strategy on creating products and services. In order for a product or service to sell, the organization must define the controllable variables in a way that strives toward meeting the wants and needs of the customer. These variables include; functionality, quality, appearance, packaging, brand, service, support and warranty of the product or service (Value Based Management.net, (2006). Read MoreBusiness Exerc ises For The Niusdg Software Inc1716 Words   |  7 Pages Our NIUSDG Software Inc is a web based organization with gross incomes of more than $35 million dollars for every year. This organization is converging with a multinational organization of equivalent size as consequence of combining it created ITDHE Software Inc and the organization is in charge of building up a task plan to deliberately incorporate all frameworks including databases and base. NIUSDG Software Inc worldwide venture operations would offer best programming items that it can advantageRead MoreCompetitive Advantage Of Coca Cola957 Words   |  4 Pagesto imitate and interrupt the company s competitive advantage have ceased without having a significant impact on the business, then the company s strategy can be described as sustainable (Gunasekaran et al.,549-564). On What is this Advantage Based and is it Sustainable? Coca-Cola is a company with sustainable competitive advantage. The company is innovative and has an extensive business model with boasts of a sustainable distribution network. The company was incorporated in the late 1800s to

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Developing a Motivational Plan Essay - 1324 Words

Developing a Motivational Plan Essay Victoria Webb Grand Canyon University Educational Leadership in a Changing World - EDA 575 February 12, 2011 Developing a Motivational Plan Essay Motivation is the key to the success to any organization. â€Å"Human relation thinkers see the terms motivation and behavior as closely related because human behavior occurs as a result of motivation† (Razik Swanson, 2010, p. 108). Motivating people to work harder, give of themselves 100%, encouraging the employees to not only work harder, but smarter to develop ways of doing things better can be one of the hardest jobs of an organization (Razik Swanson, 2010). In this essay I will describe several motivational theories Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs,†¦show more content†¦When comparing theories from a classical to a more modern version of these theories we should consider the differences that exist between them. As our society changes and the focus on technology and diversity; these classical theories still fit the needs of today’s society in the organizational environment. Several of these theories still exist for example, Chris Argyris’s Theory of supervision and structure; McGregor’s Theory involving respect, trust, teamwork, and concern. Path-Goal Theory is based on the expectancy model, â€Å"the expectancy models suggest that the motivation to perform a task is a function of a person’s expectations or beliefs about effort, performance, and outcomes† (Razik Swanson, 2010, p. 108). To create a motivational plan for my school I don’t think there is a perfect theory, I think every theory has some positives and negative aspects to them. It would be imperative to learn about every staff member and know what motivates them as an individual. Let the employees be actively involved determining what they can contribute to the organization and giving each the opportunity to help set their individual goals; allowing each faculty member to create their goals give the power to each individual and a great motivator and incentive. When goals are personally set it creates accountability for each person and motivates them to reach their goal.Show MoreRelatedDeveloping a Motivational Plan Essay1192 Words   |  5 PagesRunning head: DEVELOPING A MOTIVATIONAL PLAN Developing A Motivation Plan Grand Canyon University: EDA 575 Developing a Motivational Plan A motivation plan for any school is extremely important for the success of any educational program. Students who are not motivated will not learn and in turn won t succeed. Many components should be included in a motivational plan so that all the needs of students are met and each student has goals that are attainable and can be reachedRead MoreMotivational Plan1612 Words   |  7 PagesRunning head: Motivational Plan Essay Motivational Plan Essay The key to an organizations success is motivation. Motivation of employees is one of the most important issues facing education today. The need to instill our employees with motivation is becoming more important especially with the shift towards a more socially and culturally responsive workforce. Knowing what motivates employees, how to provide a motivational plan that includes incentives both traditional (money) and nontraditionalRead MoreRisk Management and Evidence1429 Words   |  6 PagesPortfolio 2 In this essay I will be discussing how the evidence from my portfolio demonstrates that I have achieved one specific proficiency. ‘A professional portfolio is a collection of carefully selected materials that document the nurse s competencies and illustrate the expertise of the nurse.’ (Oerman, 2002). The proficiencies are based on the NMC 2013 code of practice. I will be exploring how the proficiencies principles were attained and how my evidence connotes the achievement- the evidenceRead MoreLeadership Theories1387 Words   |  6 Pagesprocesses in leadership. There are many great leaders and leadership styles that can be easily discussed. Twenty-first century leadership has developed useful and simplistic ways to determine and exercise their leadership styles on their way to developing and understanding their leadership styles based on the situation and the organization. Leadership is a very dynamic and diverse process, as communicated to readers in Transformational and Charismatic Leadership: The Road Ahead (Wren, 1995)Read MoreThe Effects Of Social Media On Our Life Essay1745 Words   |  7 Pageswhile eating healthy, and most women see drastic results after a while. Itsines also encourages her clients to take progress pictures to compare before, in the middle, and at the end of the program. The women that worship her like a saint post motivational pictures on Instagram and become close to girls all around the world. Now evolutionary as ever, Kayla Itsines has her own app that is compatible with Apple Watch. She is making it easier for women to achieve their goals and dreams so those whoRead MoreExploring The Psychosocial Aspects Behind The Emotions That Reflect How Well Patients Adhere1556 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Why do you go to work every day? Why do people get up at 6am to go to the gym? Why am I spending hours writing an essay? Why adhere to medical advice? As you may have gathered this essays aims to explore the reasons people do what they do and the motives for it. In particular, it will look at reason behind non-adherence and take an emphasis on patient’s motivation. The paper will explore the psychosocial aspects behind the emotions that reflect how well patients adhere to advice. ThisRead MoreEssay on Factors for Effective Teamwork1415 Words   |  6 Pagesoptimisation in organisation. The leadership orientation also changes due to these factors. Financial uplift is an optimal outcome of these motivational factors (Fisher, 2005). Reward, gratitude and punishment system is a good technique to judge employees (Smith and Rupp, 2003) and work strategy model oblige employees to their best performance. Involvement of motivational theories in organisation reduces complexity and encourages employees to be self-persuasive to work and become capable of generatingRead MoreCompassion Fatigue: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment1537 Words   |  6 Pages Combating Compassion Fatigue This essay examines compassion fatigue, including its causes and symptoms. The essay also considers the needs of caregivers and explores coping strategies and resources available to caregivers. Warning Signs The warning signs of compassion fatigue are grouped into several major classifications. Cognitive symptoms, those relating to problems with thought processes, include lowered concentration, apathy, rigidity, disorientation, minimization, and preoccupationRead MoreThe Importance Of Teachers On The Classroom Environment1668 Words   |  7 Pagesparents, I plan to do a variety of little things to yield big results. The relationship that teachers have with students is vital to the classroom environment. In â€Å"You’ve Got to Reach Them to Teach Them,† Mary Kim Schrek writes that â€Å"the human encounter between teacher and student is often a more powerful teaching tool than the academic content, the grade, the data analysis, and the hours spent picking apart the curriculum† (Schrek, 2011, p. 5). In order to establish such relationships, I plan to followRead MoreHow Employee Motivation Is Important For Organizations1616 Words   |  7 PagesEmployee motivation is important for organizations to produce the desired results needed and function effectively. In this essay we review rewards and recognition, trust, and employee development, as motivational issues that are challenging Cummins Western Canada today. These challenges are affecting the environment, the performance, and the culture of the organization. Looking at some motivation theories, we will analyze the issues identified and provide some ideas for improvement to this challenge

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Agamemnan, The Inferno, Don Quixote Essay - 1232 Words

Agamemnon, The Inferno, and Don Quixote may seem to be vastly different stories written across centuries of time and within incongruous cultures but the three tales share related themes. * Set among the ruling family of Argos, Aeschylus’s Agamemnon examines the topic of justice: ancient eye-for-an-eye progressing toward modern disinterested justice, attributing all to the gods. Similarly, in Dante Alighieri’s Inferno each sinner is placed in a punishment to fit his crime: divine perfection of justice. * Miguel de Cervantes approaches the other side of justice, Don Quixote questions what happens when an antiquated or fictional moral code is put into play in a different time or place. * What is Justice? Aeschylus suspends justice somewhere†¦show more content†¦* Aegisthus says as much in his speech on page 302, â€Å"It feasts my eyes-/he pays for the plot his father’s hand contrived.† Although Aegisthus claims he is the â€Å"weaver of Justiceâ €  and â€Å"plotted out the kill,† we FIRST-PERSON LANGUAGE!! The syllabus says the Test fails here. are told by the Chorus that â€Å"[Zeus] lays it down as law that we must suffer, suffer into truth.† According to them, Justice is not meted out by man’s will alone, but as a cog in the machine of the gods; a means to a divine end. * In the following plays, the wheel comes full circle as Agamemnon’s son comes home to avenge his death, by killing his mother Clytemnestra. Under the system in which they have labored to this point, her death should beget the death of her son and so one SP. However, having been killed by her son, in retribution for killing her husband, Clytemnestra’s death cannot be avenged. There is no one left to claim that responsibility. Aeschylus’s gods step in and create a newer, better system of justice to put an end to the vicious cycle. Justice is an imperfect proposition until a higher power steps in and sets it right. Aeschylus uses several literary devices to portray the imperfection of the old system. Throughout the play, in many lines Aeschylus makes use of parallel structures. This device is melodic but also symbolic of the two separate systems of Justice. Looking at the flaws of the ancient system, the chorus says â€Å"Each charge meets counter charge,† and â€Å"The plunderer

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Bullying Is Not A Major Problem - 1450 Words

Bullying, by definition â€Å"is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance† (Stop Bullying). Bullying has quickly become a serious problem in schools, and it negatively impacts both the bully and the victim. Students who have been bullied even once in their lifetime have a higher risk of attempting suicide, and in general have lower self-esteem, causing them to have difficulty maintaining relationships. Bullies themselves also begin to harass their peers because they have been abused or uncared for by their own family. While it may seem bullying is just a normal part of the high school experience, victims of bullying can face many psychological problems. Bullying is not something that should be disregarded, but instead should be properly addressed so that children who are bullied can find the help they desperately need. Some adults argue that bullying is not a major problem, but is instead a fact of life, and something many children will eventually go through in their school experience. Tim Gill, author of No Fear: Growing up in a Risk-averse Society, a book explaining child development: Argues that mollycoddling children by labelling unpleasant behaviour as bullying is stopping them from building the skills they need to protect themselves†¦Children are not always nice to each other, but people are not always nice to each other. The world is not like that. One of the things in danger of being lost is childrenShow MoreRelatedBullying Is A Major Social Problem1678 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time† (Bullying Definition | StopBullying.gov). Bullying has become a major societal problem throughout America. Many children are bullied at school, home, and even online. Every school in the U.S. is grappling with bullying each day. More than 160, 000 kids across the country are absent because they are afraidRead MoreBullying is a Major Problem in our Society Today780 Words   |  3 PagesIn this world bullying has been a major problem in our society today. This is because bullying can affect everyone. Those who are bullied (victims), those who bully (bully), and those who just watches and does nothing (bystander). For example, a girl in school was bullied to the point where she brought her mom’s gun to school. That day in the bus, the girl was verbally abused. She then decided to pull the gun out and threatened everyone in the bus, but she later got arrested. Although she had committedRead MoreEssay about Bullying: A Major Problem in Today’s Schools563 Words   |  3 PagesBullying has been a major problem in today’s schools Bullying is a major problem in today’s society, especially among teens. With teens spending most of their time at school this environment must be as safe as possible. Schools need to be more proactive in addressing the issue of bullying because many students are bullied in many different ways, the effects can be deadly, and students deserve a safe place to learn. At schools kids are getting bullied in many different ways. For example, studentsRead MoreBullying Is A Major Social Problem Faced With Teenagers Throughout The World Essay1811 Words   |  8 Pages Bullying is a major social problem faced with teenagers throughout the world. Current national statistics, according to government sources, indicate that a varying 20% - 70% of kids have been bullied or have witnessed bullying, of which are most common in middle school. The most common types of bulling are verbal and social. Many students dread the physical and verbal aggression of their peers, and many more attend school in a chronic state of anxiety and depression. It’s reported that 70.6% ofRead MoreBullying Is A Major Problem That Has Gradually Gotten Worser Over The Years.1046 Words   |  5 PagesBullying is a major problem that has gradually gotten worser over the years. With technology evolving teens have taken bullying to a new level, by cyberbullying. Bullying is a way of verbally or physically harming someone else to try and seem superior. People who bully are very insecure about themselves so they chose to bully others in order to make themselves feel better. There are others ways that teens may use to bully such as cyberbullying. Cyber bulling is a form of harassment online throughRead MoreBullying Is A Victim Of Bullying Essay841 Words   |  4 PagesBullying has been a major issue for years and in recent years, it has been getting progressively worse. According to StopBullying.gov, between 1 in 3 students in the US state have been a victim of bullying. I am currently interested in this topic because many of my clients are currently going through this. Bullying can affect just about anyone whether the person is getting bullied themselves, bullying others, or may have witnessed someone getting bullied (â€Å"Effects of Bullying,† n.d.). There is considerationRead MoreBullying : Bullying And Cyber Bullying831 Words   |  4 PagesOne of the major issues in our society is bullying/cyber bullying. Numerous school aged suffer from this problem. Bullying is basically an unwanted behavior among young children, which involves the unexpected variation of strength. This leads into differences among school-aged children, which makes the bullies to have more power to bully other children. The author argues that bullying is now a severe problem which is a blackmail to student s safety (Bullying, 2016). These sounds do not horrifyRead MoreEducation And Its Importance Of Education1255 Words   |  6 Pagesissues should be recognized and addressed. Unfortunately this is not the case. Education has many issues and the three most important are the day-one problem, bullying, and high dropout rates. These issues are often a big problem and can lead to an education that does not do the United States justice. The first issue is the day one problem. This problem states the beginning of a child’s life is extremely important for a good education. (Strauss) For example, John has parents who have minimal educationRead MoreThe Horrific World of Bullying Essay1573 Words   |  7 Pagesthey have experienced bullying; 20 percent of them being in grades 9-12 alone (Bullying Definition). Bullying has been and will continue to be a major problem around the world; it creates many problems for everyone involved. Bullying has many definitions. Each person defines it differently based on what he or she believes. Some people believe that bullying is an attempt to control someone. Others believe that bullying is just students causing pain to their peers. To me, bullying is putting others downRead MoreBullying Is A Social Problem For Decades Essay1224 Words   |  5 PagesBullying has been a social problem for decades. Bullying started out with name calling, but today bulling comes in different forms. You find bullying in schools, texts, and social media to name a few. The following information provided in this research paper discusses the history of bullying and how the history has shaped bullying today. The paper will provide informative background information about bullying and the definition of bullying. This paper will discuss the roles and skills of the human

Essay on Use of Environment, Landscape, and Cycles in My...

Use of the Environment, Landscape, and Cycles, in My à ntonia The landscape and the environment in Willa Cathers, My à ntonia, plays several roles. It creates both a character and protagonist, while it also reflects Cathers main characters, Jim and à ntonia, as well as forming the structure of the novel. Additionally, it evokes several themes that existed on the prairie during the time in which the story takes place. Some of these themes that directly relate to the novel, which are worth exploring, are endurance, hardship, and spirituality. Additionally, the symbolism of the hot and cold climate will be examined, revealing the significance it has on the novel in an overall manner. The analyses will further explain Cathers†¦show more content†¦However, it isnt long before they realize that this is a myth. While they lack crops to harvest, they are forced to endure, at least for the first half of the novel, an extremely impoverished lifestyle. They have scant amounts of food for eating, inadequate clothing, as well as inadequate shel ter. As a result, the Shimerdas are forced to eat prairie dogs in the first winter, rodents that belong to the rat family, and to live in a dug-out like cave in which the living spaces are compared to badger holes (Cather 71,75). To illustrate hardship and intense labor, Cather gives us an example in Peter the Russian. Peter is unable to meet a financial note which falls due in November, as a result of poor farming. When he is unable to pay his debt, he is hit again with additional penalty fees. In fact, he is forced to take out another mortgage on his pigs, horses and milk cows (Cather 50). Therefore, the future is beginning to look bleak. However, just after Peter renews the note, Pavel strains himself lifting heavy timber, falling over to produce a large gash above his lung. The bystanders thought, he would die right then and there (Cather 51). Peter is then forced to take over the extra work and responsibility, ultimately shifting the strain to himself. Through these instances, Cather demonstrates the hard times that occur on the land, in addition to the interdependence that people on the land are forced to have for each other, as well as toShow MoreRelated Power of the Frontier Exposed in My Antonia Essa y1924 Words   |  8 PagesPower of the Frontier Exposed in My Antonia      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Willa Cathers novel My à ntonia dramatizes the effect the frontier has on both native-born people and immigrants that come to the West in search of new beginnings. The story centers around two families living in a remote area of Nebraska from completely diverse backgrounds. This tale suggests that regardless of where a person comes from, the trials and tribulations of living under such tough conditions will ultimately impact his/her

Setting the Stage for Strategic Compensation and Bases for Pay free essay sample

Describe the three main goals of compensation departments. The three main goals of a compensation department are internal consistency, market competitiveness, and recognition of individual contributions. Internal consistency defines the relative value of each job among all jobs within a company. This ordered set of jobs represents the job structure or hierarchy. Companies rely on a simple, principle for building internally consistent compensation systems. Compensation professionals use job analysis and job evaluation to achieve internal consistency. Job analyses describe content or job duties, worker requirements, and sometimes the job context or working conditions. Based on job evaluation and the firm’s priorities, managers establish pay differentials for virtually all positions within the company (Martocchio, pg. 22, 2011). Market competitiveness plays a significant role in attracting and retaining the most qualified employees. Compensation professionals build market-competitive compensation systems based on the results of market surveys and compensation surveys. A strategic analyses permit business professionals to see where they stand in the market based on external and internal factors (Martocchio, pg. 22, 2011). Recognizing individual contributions helps determine pay structures. Every employee is different and employees don’t do the same job alike. One may have more knowledge or more experience and because of such disparity that is why HR professionals assign pay grades or assign pay grades within pay structures for a job. Companies understand this want to compensate the employee for what they contribute to the job. Pay grades are in ranges that allow for the minimum qualifications to the highest and also allows for incentives when dealing with a prospective employee and their qualifications (Martocchio, pg. 22, 2011). Describe the contextual influence that you believe will pose the greatest challenge and the contextual influence that will pose the least challenge to companies’ competitiveness and explain why. Market influences are the contextual influence that may pose the greatest challenge to a companies’ competitiveness. In a competitive labor market, companies attempt to attract and retain the best individuals for employment partly by offering lucrative wage and benefits packages. Companies that operate in product markets where there is relative little competition from other companies tend to pay higher wages because these companies exhibit substantial profits. Labor unions will pose the least challenge to companies’ competitiveness although a high percentage of civilian workers in both the public and private sectors represented by unions declined steadily to a 12. 4 percent representation since 1983 when the representation rate was 20. 1 percent. Union representation will continue to decline in the future and this decline may be attributed to the reduced influence of unions. Describe when subjective performance evaluations might be better (or more feasible) than objective ratings. Managers rely on objective as well as subjective performance indicators to determine whether an employee will receive a merit increase and the amount of increase warranted. Subjective might be better when supervisors wants to periodically review their employees individual performance. By using subjective performance will help to evaluate how well each worker is accomplishing assigned duties relative to established standards and goals. Objective rating typically defies interpretation: Either an employee was late five times or she wasnt, or he met his widgets-per-hour target or he didnt. For that reason, some employers use purely objective measures for employees who have repetitive or entry-level jobs performance is a function of doing (or not doing) some specific action, or in meeting per-product or per-service productivity total Describe under what conditions profit sharing plans are not likely to motivate employees. Profit sharing plans allow employees to earn financial reward when their company’s profit objective is met. For employees’ who have a lower salary profit sharing is not likely to motivate them, because the amount distributed to each employee may be weighted by the employees base salary. The employees’ with higher base salaries receive a slightly higher amount of the shared pool of profits. Because the company profits vary from year to year, so do employees’ earnings. This will make difficult for employees’ to predict their earnings, which will affect their savings and buying behavior. Employees find that profit sharing plans are not likely to motivate them because they do not see a direct link between their efforts and corporate profits. Employees may be given a range of investment choices for their accounts, including stocks or mutual funds. Since the company have to decide to match a certain percentage of such contributions. In addition, many 401(k) accounts have provisions that enable employees to borrow money under certain conditions. The other reason why profit sharing plans does not motivate employees is because this plan establish a vesting period and a limit access to the funds. The limit access is to establish strict rules for making payments from employees’ accounts, such as upon retirement, death, permanent disability, or termination of employment. Less strict rules may allow for withdrawals under certain conditions, such as financial hardship or medical emergencies. Nevertheless, whatever rules a company may adopt for its profit-sharing plan, such rules are subject to IRS approval and must meet IRS guidelines. Based on your knowledge of pay-for-knowledge pay concepts, describe three jobs for which this basis for pay is inappropriate and explain why. The three jobs which this basis for pay is inappropriate are librarians, electricians, and dietitians. Librarians bring order to and guide users through the vast array of information available. The size and character of the library determine whether Librarians perform all phases of the work or engage in a specialty. A librarian needs to find ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information. Actively looking for ways to help people and help them to understand written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents. Electricians tackle a range of projects from wiring new homes and offices, rewiring existing structures to helping providing installation services for new solar panels.